Valuing our heritage, learning from the past

 

The Adeje initiative “Difundiendo Nuestro Patrimonio” (Disseminating our heritage) is designed to open the doors onto the borough’s natural, historical and cultural heritage for students and has been running for six years now. According to the borough’s heritage councillor, Juan Desiderio Afonso Ruiz, “what we are trying to do is pass onto students the important role history plays today, and explain the relevance of the development and evolution of Adeje from days gone by through the many places of cultural interest we celebrate today.”

During the year up to a thousand students from primary and secondary centres take part in the initiative which also invites students from private schools both in Adeje and beyond, to explain the historic relevance of the borough in the history of Tenerife.

The Canarian Library, the Plaza de España, the Convento de San Francisco, the Santa Úrsula Church, the Fort House and surrounds and the Camino de la Virgen (the mountain walk from the town to La Caleta), these are the emblematic locations in the borough on which the guided visits are based and explained by experts from the heritage division. The visits use different educative tools adapted for the age of the students in question, and in this way “we are working to bring the young people of the borough closer to their heritage so they can appreciate the resources they have and value their own history”, says the councillor.

The Project doesn’t just have an educative angle, and is also open to members of the public who, on different occasions, have taken part in information days getting to know the architectural, natural and historical symbols of Adeje.

Department of Communications

Adeje’s Religious Heritage

Many of the statues and images that play a central role in the celebrations in Adeje during Easter Week have a history all of their own, with restoration works ongoing, which underlies their importance role in the borough’s heritage, with works from keynote sculptors such as Juan Abascal, Juan Ventura or Luis Álvarez Duarte.

Juan Abascal Fuentes (1922-2003)
Juan Abascal Fuentes was a sculptor and professor in Seville who studied art in his home town but originally abandoned his artistic studies to take up the law, which he practised until 1952, when he returned to the world of art, particularly sculpture. Among his influences was Jose Luis Vassallo Parodi, from Cadiz, from whom he learnt the art of religious imagery. His work is also reflective of the style of Seville baroque masters such as Martínez Montañés, Pedro Roldán and Francisco de Ocampo while also very dramatic. His works can be seen on Adeje’s streets on Palm Sunday, Easter Tuesday and Good Friday, and are La Dolorosa/The Virgin of the Sorrows and Jesus entering Jerusalem on a Donkey.

Juan Ventura (1954-)
Born in Lora del Rio in Seville, Juan Ventura studied art in the Fine Arts academy there. He learnt the art of sculpture from Francisco Buiza Fernández, considered a master of imagery. He has a number of works that are seen during Easter Week events. They are:
Nuestra Señora de la Piedad/Our Lady of Pity who is carried out on Good Friday by the Adeje Senior Citizens club. This is a large statue of Our Lady weeping with the fallen Christ in her arms.
Jesús Nazareno, who is carried through the streets in Easter Tuesday, carrying the cross and greatly revered by the Adeje faithful and also recognised for its artistic qualities.

Luis Álvarez Duarte (1949-)
Sculptor, painter and restorer. Also from Seville, self-taught in modelling from an early age and later on received training from artists such as Rafael Barbero, Francisco Buiza, and others. His principal works are religious statues in wood and among his best known works are the Virgin Patron Saint of the Cachorro Brotherhood (1973), and the Christ of the Brotherhood of Thirst, Seville. In 2006 he was appointed a member of the Seville Fine Arts Hungarian Royal Academy. He has also worked on important restorations such as Our Lord of Might, Seville, who lost an arm due to vandalism in 2010. In Adeje two of his works are taken out during Easter Week and revered as much for their artistic merit as their religious significance. They are:
El Señor Cautivo/The Captured Christ from cedar wood, larger than life and reminiscent of the Seville baroque period, with dramatic expressions in the face and body. This statue will be taken from the Hermitage of La Ezperanza de La Viña on Easter Monday in the care of the National Police.

Nuestra Señora de la Esperanza/Our Lady of Hope
This is a representation of the Virgin Mary of the Sorrows. According to Andalucian tradition the statue’s face is very expressive with glass tear drops, green glass eyes, natural eye-lashes. The statue is also taken out on Easter Monday and on Easter Wednesday accompanied by Our Lord of Humility and Patience from La Postura to the Parish of Santa Úrsula in the town centre and during the procession on Maundy Thursday and carried by the Porteadores de la Virgen.

Cristo de la Misericordia
One of the images that has led the processions during Easter Week since the 18th Century in Adeje is the Cristo de la Misericordia.
The artist is unknown, but the style represents baroque in its purest form. In the past the position of the figure’s arms were adapted for different Easter events, but now the Christ is on the cross, with the face of the statue representing the point of death. The treatment of the skin, the beard, and other aspects of the statue have been noted by experts.
According to Nelson Díaz Frías in his book La Historia de Adeje (The history of Adeje) there is a reference to an alter with a Crucified Christ in an inventory in 1648 and in another written in 1745 a reference to a similar statue.
In the parochial records documents have been found regarding the rules and regulations of the Misericordia Cofradia (brotherhood), founded in March 1661. The documents name the members of the group, the obligations of the group, which included the numbers needed for processions, the election of a steward, the giving of alms, the wearing of a certain tunic, helping those in need, those condemned to death, and recovery of accident victims. While the group doesn’t actually exist today, their representation is continued in the church and has formed part of the Easter Week celebrations in Adeje since the 17th century

‘Our’ History

Children from Adeje Casco CEIP visiting the Convent in Adeje

Children from Adeje Casco CEIP visiting the Convent in Adeje

The Adeje council has invited children from local schools to get to know their heritage a little bit better, and this is particularly interesting for families who have come from other countries as it is a chance for the children to learn something more about where they are growing up, information their parents may not have access to.

This next generation of Adejeros and Adejeras have been visiting different historic sites and buildings in the town as part of the ‘This Heritage is Ours’ programme designed for students from primary and secondary schools in the borough.
The visits have been to the Canarian library and other historical buildings to learn more about what they have to offer, services and organisation. In this way the young people learn what cultural heritage means, why its worth preserving and the technical and economic difficulties that often hamper that conservation.
Certainly one group of eight year olds who visited the Canarian library and were treated to a talk about the Guanches came home full of enthusiasm and a desire to learn more and read more about the island that is their home. They also visited the Casa Fuerte, the town’s Church and the Convent.
Particularly for parents who are not Canarian but who have chosen to live here this is a great aid in helping our children appreciate the multicultural backgrounds they have, and no doubt we will soon be learning from them

Restored 18th Century Painting

cuadro virgen del rosario RESTAURADO

This Friday at 6pm Adeje’s heritage councillor Juan Desiderio Afonso Ruiz has invited the public to attend a special mass in the town’s parish church, Santa Ursula, where a restored painting of the Virgin del Rosario, dating from 1743, will be presented. During the mass the public will also be able to listen to the Baroque Organ.
According to the councillor the work to restore this canvas began a number of years ago and was made possible through a partnership between Adeje council, the regional heritage department and the bishopric of Tenerife. The actual restoration work was carried out by Raquel Trujillo Afonso and Candelaria García Díaz. Historian Carlos Morales has made a study of the work and will present the painting and his findings on Friday. Also present will be Rosario Álvarez, president of the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts and professor of music at the University of La Laguna, and local authorities.